United States Limit Nuclear Tech To China Citing Proliferation, Military Diversion

United States Limit Nuclear Tech To China Citing Proliferation, Military Diversion

United States Limit Nuclear Tech To China Citing Proliferation, Military Diversion

New Delhi: The Donald Trump led administration has said that it will "sharply restrict" exports of civilian nuclear technology to China. This comes at a time when the Washington's officials believe Beijing has been "diverting civilian nuclear technology to power the new generations of Chinese submarines, aircraft carriers and floating nuclear power plants."

The step has been taken following the US Department of Justice's announcement of the arrest of a Chinese intelligence officer who was charged with stealing secret information from GE (General Electric) Aviation, one of the largest suppliers of jet engines.

"The United States cannot ignore the national security implications of China's efforts to obtain nuclear technology outside of established processes of the US-China civil nuclear cooperation," Secretary of Energy Rick Perry said after his department announced the measures on Thursday.

These measures of national security are a results of the US government policy review prompted by concerns regarding China's efforts to obtain nuclear material, equipment, and advanced technology from US companies.

A clear framework has been established by the policy guidance for disposition of authorisation requests for transfers to China that are currently on hold because of "military diversion and proliferation concerns".

According to the new policy, there will be a presumption of denial for new licence applications or extensions to existing authorisations related to the China General Nuclear Power Group, which is being currently summoned for conspiring to steal US nuclear technology.

"For decades, China has maintained a concerted, central government-run strategy to gain nuclear advantage," a senior administration official told reporters during a conference call.

The US' Department of Energy said, these efforts are necessary to strike an appropriate balance between the long-term risk to US national security and economic interests, as well as the immediate impact to the US nuclear industrial base. 

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"China is "actively pursuing our advanced nuclear technology for diversion to military use in its third-generation nuclear power submarine, in the development of a nuclear-powered aircraft carrier and in strategic dual-use nuclear-powered platforms, such as small modular reactors and floating nuclear power plants deployable in the South China Sea," the official said.

China was already using nuclear power on man-made islands it created in the South China Sea, alleged officials.

"We know that they are developing platforms for use on these islands and for nuclear-powered icebreakers, also floating nuclear power plants, which give the potential for rapid deployment to any platform that it could be tethered to," the official said.

The officials said that, in 2017, China imported nuclear technology worth USD 170 million from the United States. The administration "carefully weighed" the economic impact.

"We understand the US industry may suffer in the short term. We believe that in the long term, this policy will benefit the US and protect the American nuclear industry," the official asserted.

The Trump administration's move appeared to be part of a more concerted effort to put new pressure on China beyond the tariffs that President Donald Trump has already announced on Chinese goods, according to media reports in Washington.

(Inputs from news agencies)

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