Diabetic Patients Are At Higher Risk Of Lung Disease: Study

Diabetic Patients Are At Higher Risk Of Lung Disease: Study

Diabetic Patients Are At Higher Risk Of Lung Disease: Study(Representational Image)

New Delhi: A new study has found out that people  with type-2 diabetes may be at a significantly higher risk of suffering from breathlessness and restrictive lung disease (RLD). RLD is a category of respiratory diseases that restrict lung expansion, resulting in a decreased lung volume.

The study conducted on 110 patients with long-term type 2 diabetes 29 patients with newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes, 68 patients with pre-diabetes and 48 non-diabetic patients (controls) was published in the journal Respiration.

The participants were examined by researchers from Heidelberg University Hospital in Germany  for metabolic control, diabetes-related complications, breathlessness, and lung function.

"Increased breathlessness, RLD, and interstitial lung anomalies can be associated with type 2 diabetes," said Stefan Kopf from the University Hospital Heidelberg.

In the study, people with type 2 diabetes were found to be significantly more likely to suffer from breathlessness and RLD, than the control group.

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27 per cent of patients with long-term type 2 diabetes were found with RLD. The numbers were 20 per cent of patients with newly diagnosed diabetes, and in 9 per cent of patients with pre-diabetes.

Morphological analysis of the lung tissue of subjects with and without diabetes were also found to be different. Patients with diabetes had increased pulmonary fibrosis.

The study also showed that RLD is associated with albuminuria. The urinary albumin levels of the people suffering from the disease get elevated. This new finding might be an indication that lung disease and kidney disease may be associated with diabetic kidney disease (nephropathy).

"In this study, the prevalence of RLD was 20 to 27 per cent in patients with diabetes. Moreover, the radiological and histological analyses suggest an association with fibrosing interstitial lung anomalies," said Professor Hans-Ulrich Kauczor from University Hospital Heidelberg.

(Inputs From News Agency IANS)

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